D3 Farmasi UNS
April 2012
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PostHeaderIcon Alat Kesehatan (volume 1)


Tujuan :

  1. Memperkenalkan berbagai jenis alat kesehatan kepada mahasiswa
  2. Mahasiswa mampu menentukan kegunaan alat kesehatan dengan benar
  3. Mahasiswa mampu menggunakan beberapa alat kesehatan yang sesuai dengan kompetensi farmasi

Cara Kerja :

  1. Gambar alat kesehatan pada kolom yang sudah disediakan
  2. Beri nama dan kegunaan dari masing – masing alat kesehatan yang sudah digambar


Teori singkat :

Alat kesehatan (UU RI no 36 Tahun 2009 tentang kesehatan) adalah instrumen, aparatus, mesin, implant yang mengandung obat, yang digunakan untuk mencegah, mendiagnosa, menyembuhkan dan meringankan penyakit, merawat orang sakit serta memulihkan kesehatan pada manusia dan atau untuk membentuk struktur dan memperbaiki fungsi tubuh.

A. Alat kesehatan habis pakai

Adalah alat – alat kesehatan yang hanya sekali dapat atau diizinkan untuk digunakan.

1. Alat pembalut : plester (autoclave tape, sutures tape, medical tape, surgical tape);  kasa (kasa steril, dressing, kasa yang mengandung obat);  perban (kasa hydrofil, pembalut elastis,pembalut leher, pembalut gips, daryanet).

Alat pembalut adalah alat untuk membalut, menutupi sesuatu, biasanya luka pada tubuh.

2. Alat penampung : blood bag (blood administration set/ tranfusi set); Urine bag, Colostomy bag

Alat penampungan adalah alat yang digunakan untuk menampung darah, urine dan feses

3. Masker

Adalah alat yang terbuat dari kain/ kain kasa untuk penutup hidung yang berfungsi untuk mencagah kontaminasi seperti debu, bakteri dan bau

4. Selang catheter / Folley chateter

Adalah pipa karet yang cara penggunaannya adalah disambungkan dengan chateter kemudian dimasukkan kedalam rongga tubuh melalui saluran

5. Disposible dan Jarum suntik disposible

Jarum suntik atau disposible needle digunakan untuk menyuntik setelah digabungkan dengan alat suntik (spuit/syringe)

B. Peralatan home care

Adalah peralatan kesehatan yang biasa digunakan untuk perawatan pasien dirumah

1. Alat penampungan : pispot wanita, pispot pria, urinale wanita/pria

Yang dimaksud dengan alat penampungan disini adalah alat untuk menampung air kencing (urinal) atau feeces (pispot)

2. Chateters adalah sebuah pipa yang kosong terbuat dari logam yang cara penggunaannya adalah dimasukkan kedalam rongga tubuh melalui saluran

3. Termometer adalah alat untuk mengukur suhu badan dapat melalui ketiak, mulut maupun dubur

4. Tensimeter adalah alat yang digunakan untuk mengukur tekanan darah

5. Stetoskop adalah alat yang dugunakan untuk mengukur atau mengetahui denyut jantung, denyut nadi maupun suara didalam rongga dada

6. Reflek hamer adalah alat yang digunakan dengan cara dipukulkan pada lutut untuk mengetahui fungsi dari syaraf kaki

7. Bengkok (Nierbekken) adalah alat yang terbuat dari plastik atau stenlisteel, berbentuk seperti ginjal digunakan untuk menampung dahak atau peralatan kesehatan kecil sebelum / sesudah steril

8. Gunting adalah alat yang digunakan untuk memotong suatu barang atau benda

9. Pinset adalah alat yang digunakan untuk menjepit atau untuk mengambil suatu benda yang kecil dan lunak

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